Dyslexia: Learning Disorder in Children

What is Dyslexia?
Children learn at different paces but anytime if you feel that your child is struggling to read and write, then that could be because of dyslexia. Dyslexia is a specific learning disorder that involves trouble reading accurately and fluently. Kids with Dyslexia have difficulty identifying speech sounds and writing.

What Causes Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is caused by genetics or can be due to frequent ear infections during the early stages of language development. Child can have dyslexia if his parents, siblings, or other family members have it.

Dyslexia Signs and Symptoms
Dyslexia symptoms differ from one child to other. Symptoms of dyslexia usually become more obvious when children start school and begin to focus more on learning how to read and write. Here are some common signs of dyslexia:

  • Late talking
  • Struggling to learn new words
  • Difficulty pronouncing words
  • Problems forming words correctly, such as trouble recognizing letters and matching them to sounds.
  • Problems remembering or naming letters, numbers and colors
  • Difficulty learning nursery rhymes or playing rhyming games

Tips for Parents

  1. Read out loud to your child and allow her to read anything and everything, many times if she likes. Make reading a positive experience for them.
  2. Encourage your child to read several times and make him repeat as it helps establish fluency.
  3. Ask your child to tell you a new word and its meaning every day. Play a game where each of you uses the word in a sentence.
  4. Limit screen time and use the extra time for reading and writing.
  5. Create a positive learning environment where children are encouraged at every stage.

If you suspect your child has dyslexia, do not delay. Talk to your child’s doctor and have him/her tested for dyslexia.

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